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6 Skills Needed for the Internet of Things (IoT)

2019-02-17 19:56:32 298


Aligning the skills of current IT professionals with the Internet of Things is becoming a challenge as the IoT evolves with new capabilities and produces changing conditions. According to VisionMobile, there are currently only 300,000 developers contributing to the IoT but 4.5 million will be needed by 2020. A lack of IoT skills and knowledge is a major concern and may be one of the biggest obstacles to adopting and using the IoT effectively.



1. Security and Data Analytics

With the millions of devices connected to the Internet of Things, comes massive amounts of data that need to be analyzed and protected. Skilled engineers, architects and analysts will be needed to gather and process the information.


Skills and Knowledge Needed:

-Vulnerability assessment

-Public key infrastructure (PKI) security

-Ethical hacking

-Wireless network security

-Knowledge of data ethics and privacy policy

-Securely managing data

-Cybersecurity analysis




2. Business Intelligence

All of the data collected through the IoT can and should be turned into actionable intelligence for businesses. Therefore, professionals with a strong knowledge in data analysis, Big Data applications and business acumen will be in high demand.


Skills and Knowledge Needed:

-Sensor data analysis

-Data center management

-Predictive analytics

-Programming on Hadoop and NoSQL

-Strong business acumen




3. UI / UX Design

IoT objects will come in all shapes and sizes and User Interface and User Experience professionals will be needed to create interfaces that are effective and user-friendly.


Skills and Knowledge Needed:

-Responsive Web Design (visuals adjust to screen size, platform, and orientation)

-Service Design (approach is human-based that guides users through complex items)



4. Mobile/Remote Development

When mentioning the word “mobile”, most everyone thinks of a smartphone, but with the IoT, a mobile device can mean a whole lot more. Anything that is connected could be considered mobile, such as a car, which creates a whole new ecosystem of devices that will require new skills. Remote devices also have similar challenges – such as a submersible monitor that collects marine data. One can imagine the many new challenges such an environment presents. Many IoT objects will be controlled through mobile devices which will drive demand for software developers including Apple iOS and Android developers.


Skills and Knowledge Needed:

-Experience developing apps that communicate with external hardware and sensors.

-Testing devices on newer and more advanced platforms




5. Hardware Engineering

IoT devices can be simple, tiny devices on a telephone pole or complex remote computers or sensors located in adverse climates. The range of requirements is vast and the hardware engineering challenges mirror the uniqueness of these devices which subsequently push the limits of hardware design and implementation.


Skills and Knowledge Needed:

-Developing and installing Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and other connectivity solutions

-AutoCAD drafting

-Computer-aided design (CAD)

-Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) engineering

-Wireless sensor design

-Quality assurance

-Sensor technology

-Embedded software



6. Networking

A large number of ways to send and collect data are created with all of the embedded sensors utilized in IoT objects that communicate to one another. A reliable and secure avenue of traffic is vital, therefore electrical and network engineering skills will be essentials for the IoT. Existing, open and standard networking technologies imbedded in IoT devices/infrastructures is the goal and will drive the skills requirements.


Skills and Knowledge Needed:

-Knowledge of current networking standards and technologies

-Deploying and troubleshooting modern networks

-Knowledge of wireless (WPA/WEP or 3G/4G) connections,

-Applying and managing RFID (radio frequency identification)

-Wireless protocols like Bluetooth Low Energy.





Author: Austyn Canada

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